The Genetic Compatibility test is an innovative technique that, through a blood test carried out on the couple to study their genetic compatibility, can help prevent the transmission of hundreds of genetic diseases.
We can all be carriers of some kind of genetic disease, almost all of us have one or more mutations in our genes, even if we do not have a family history or symptoms of a disease.
Being a carrier of a genetic disease is not important, as in the majority of cases, it never manifests itself. The problem arises when both parents are carriers of the same recessive genetic disease. Where this is the case, children can suffer from the disease, and although the prevalence of these “rare diseases” is low, they are illnesses that are highly debilitating and negatively affect quality of life.
Where this is the case, we can carry out in vitro fertilisation, and once the embryos are in the laboratory, they are studied for the disease in question, that where the two parents are not compatible, and as such, we are able to transfer only those embryos which do not suffer from the disease, to the mother. This technique is called Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) and it has made it possible for thousands of families to have unaffected children.
At Ginemed we can carry out genetic studies on all of our donors. This way, where necessary, we can cross-reference this genetic information with that from another person, minimising the possibility of having a child affected by the genetic diseases studied.
It is a simple blood test: the genetic material from these cells is then studied. This genetic test identifies hundreds of illnesses, analysing thousands of mutations in the patient and her partner (or where appropriate the egg or sperm donor). Once studied, the genetic information from both people is cross-referenced and it is confirmed if they could transmit any of the illnesses studied. By doing this, we can be sure that they are genetically compatible, and avoid the transmission of genetic diseases to the children.