Treatment for endometriosis, clinics and specialists

Working together

As the result of our agreement with the National Endometriosis Association (ADAEC), the Ginemed Foundation is offering free consultations to ADAEC’s members (via email, telephone and skype) with our endometriosis specialist, Dr Elena Traverso.

Every year we hold meetings where patients and Ginemed specialists gather together to discuss the latest developments regarding the disease, which between 5 and 10 % of the female population suffer from and which is one of the principal causes of infertility.

From a human perspective the meetings deal with topics such as assisted reproduction without hormones, new lines of non-surgical treatment for endometriosis and early diagnosis.

Dr Elena Traverso
Endometriosis specialist
What causes endometriosis?

Experts do not know why some women develop endometriosis. During each menstrual period, most of the uterine lining and blood is shed through the cervix and into the vagina. However, some of this tissue enters the pelvis through the fallopian tubes. Women who develop endometriosis simply may be unable to clear the pelvis of these cells.

Source: American Society for Reproductive Medicine

How is it diagnosed?

Endometriosis cannot be diagnosed by symptoms alone. Your physician may suspect endometriosis if you are having fertility problems, severe menstrual cramps, pain during intercourse, or chronic pelvic pain. It also may be suspected when there is a persistent ovarian cyst. Endometriosis is often found in close family members like a mother or sister. Remember, however, that many women with endometriosis have no symptoms at all.

Source: American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Who can suffer from endometriosis?

It can affect women who already have children as well as adolescents and young women. Some experts claim that endometriosis is more likely in women who have never been pregnant. Endometriosis can be found in between 24 to 50% of women who suffer from infertility and in more than 20% of women who have chronic pelvic pain.

Source: American Society for Reproductive Medicine

How are the stages of endometriosis classified?

Endometriosis is classified into one of four stages (I-minimal, II-mild, III-moderate, and IV-severe) depending on location, extent, and depth of endometriosis implants; presence and severity of adhesions; and presence and size of ovarian endometriomas. Most women have minimal or mild endometriosis, which is characterised by superficial implants and mild adhesions. Moderate and severe endometriosis is characterised by chocolate cysts and more severe adhesions. The stage of endometriosis does not correlate with the presence of or severity of symptoms; with stage IV endometriosis, infertility is very likely.

Source: American Society for Reproductive Medicine

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